Mechanical Engineering in Nepal a complete Guide!

Students after passing plus two exams are often in dilemma about which engineering faculty they have to choose. There are many options for engineering faculties in Nepal. Civil Engineering and Computer Engineering are mostly preferred by students in Nepal. Nowadays students are becoming more diversified regarding their choices.

Due to the growing automobile industry and hydropower projects in Nepal demand for mechanical engineering is increasing. Thus in this article, we’ve covered everything you need to know regarding studying in mechanical engineering in Nepal.

What is mechanical engineering?

Mechanical engineering is a branch of engineering that applies the principles of physics and materials science for designing, analyzing, manufacturing, and maintaining mechanical systems. It is one of the oldest and broadest of the engineering disciplines.

In Nepal mechanical engineering was introduced by IOE in 1995 AD after the establishment of IOE in 1972 AD.

What does a Mechanical Engineer do?

Mechanical engineers use these principles and tools like computer-aided design (CAD) and product lifecycle management to design and analyze manufacturing plants, industrial equipment and machinery, heating and cooling systems, transportation systems, robotics, and more.

The discipline of mechanical engineering is extensive and diverse, with applications in virtually every industry, from automotive and aerospace to energy and biotechnology.


What are key areas of focus within mechanical engineering:

  1. Mechanics: This involves the study of forces and their impact on matter. It often includes the analysis and prediction of how objects will react to the various forces that act upon them.
  2. Kinematics: This is the study of movement and motion of bodies and systems while ignoring the forces that cause the motion.
  3. Thermodynamics: This is the study of energy, heat, and work, and their inter-conversion. It involves the design and analysis of engines, boilers, heat exchangers, and so on.
  4. Material science: This involves the study of the properties and applications of materials, which is crucial for choosing the appropriate materials for a mechanical design.
  5. Structural analysis: This involves the analysis of mechanical objects and systems to determine their integrity under different forces. It includes designing structures to not fail under their operational loads.
  6. Robotics: This involves the design, operation, and application of robots and their integration with other systems in a production or non-production process.

The field of mechanical engineering is continually evolving to incorporate advancements in technology and meet the demands of a changing world.


Eligibility Criteria to Study Mechanical Engineering in Nepal?

In Nepal, to be eligible for admission into a Bachelor’s degree program in Mechanical Engineering, students typically need to meet the following criteria:

Completion of Higher Secondary Education or Equivalent: Students should have successfully completed their 10+2 education (or A Levels or equivalent) with a focus on science, including physics, chemistry, and mathematics.

Entrance Examination: Most universities conduct an entrance examination that tests a student’s knowledge in physics, chemistry, mathematics, and English. The scores from this exam are typically used as a significant criterion in the selection process.

Minimum Grade Requirements: Universities often set minimum grade requirements. For instance, some may require a minimum of 45% to 50% in the +2 Science or Intermediate level.

Syllabus of Mechanical Engineering IOE

First-year syllabus of Mechanical Engineering

First semesterSecond Semester
Mathematics I [SH401] Mathematics II [SH451]
Computer Programming [CT401]Engineering Physics [SH452]
Engineering Chemistry [SH403]Basic Electronics Engineering [EX451]
Fundamental of Thermodynamics & Heat Transfer  [ME402]Basic Electrical Engineering [EE451]
Engineering Drawing I [ME401]Engineering Drawing II [ME451]
Workshop Technology [ME403]Applied Mechanics [CE451]


Second-year Syllabus of Mechanical Engineering 


Third SemesterFourth Semester
Mathematics III [SH501]Probability And Statistics [SH552]
Engineering Mechanics [ME 502]Electrical Machine [EE554]
Material Science [ME 501]Manufacturing And Production Processes [ME551]
Metrology [ME 503]Strength of Materials [ME552]
Applied Thermodynamics [ME 504 ]Instrumentation and Measurement [ME553]
Computer-Aided Drawing [ME505] Fluid Mechanics [ME554]
Electromagnetism [EX503] 


Third-Year Mechanical Engineering Syllabus


Fifth SemesterSixth Semester
Numerical Methods [SH603]Communication English [SH651]
Control System [EE602] Machine Design I [ME65]
Organization and Management [ME601]Industrial Engineering and Management [ME 652]
Mechanics of Solids [ME602] Theory of Mechanism and Machine I [ME653] 
Heat Transfer [ME604]Internal Combustion Engines [ME654]
ME 605: Fluid MachinesEnergy Resources [ME655] 


Fourth-Year Mechanical Engineering Syllabus


Seventh SemesterEighth Semester
Machine Design II [ME 701]Project Engineering [CE751] 
Theory of Mechanism and Machine II [ME702]Finite Element Method [ME751]
Engineering Economics [ME703]Engineering Professional Practice [CE752] 
Turbo Mechanics [ME704]Project I & II [ME]
Environment and Pollution Control [ME705]Elective II
Industrial Attachment [ME706]Elective III
Elective I


Seventh Semester Electives 

Elective I: Automobile Technology [ME72501]

Elective I: Basic Aircraft & Air Frame[ME2506]

Elective I: Basics Of Micro Hydropower Plant [ME72505]

Elective I: Gaseous Bio-Fuel [ME72503]

Elective I: Heating Ventilating And Air Conditioning [ME72502]

Elective I: Operations Research/Management Science [ME72504]

Elective I: Tool Design For Economic Production [ME72508]


Eighth Semester Electives 

Elective II: Aircraft Dynamics [ME76508]

Elective II: Economics Of Automobile [ME76501]

Elective II: Design Of Micro Hydropower System [ME76505]

Elective II: Automobile Engineering Enterprises [ME76509]

Elective II: Liquid Bio-Fuel [ME76503]

Elective II: Quality Management [ME76504]

Elective II: Refrigeration [ME76502]

Elective II: System Design And Simulation [ME76510]

Elective III: Advance Mechanical Design [ME78507]

Elective III: Avionics [ME78506]

Elective III: An Introduction To Construction Equipment [ME785 02]

Elective III: Construction Of Micro Hydropower System [ME785 05]

Elective III: Solid BioFuel [ME78503]


Colleges offering Mechanical Engineering courses in Nepal

  Mechanical engineering colleges in Nepal are:

  1. Pulchowk Campus(IOE),Lalitpur
  2. Kathmandu University, School of Engineering
  3. Thapathali Campus(IOE), Kathmandu
  4. Paschimanchal Campus(IOE), Pokhara
  5. Eastern Regional Campus(IOE), Dharan

Fees to study Mechanical Engineering in Nepal?

In government colleges, it is around 3 lakhs and in Kathmandu University it is around 8 lakhs excluding your living and other expenses.

Fees can vary from college to college and also depends upon your entrance exam score. 

Scope of Mechanical Engineering in Nepal?

Mechanical engineering, being a broad and versatile field, has various scopes in Nepal, especially as the country continues to develop its industrial sector and infrastructure. Here are some areas where mechanical engineers have significant opportunities:

  •  Hydropower Projects: Nepal, being rich in water resources, has significant potential in hydropower generation. Mechanical engineers play a crucial role in the design, construction, and maintenance of hydropower plants.
  • Construction and Infrastructure Development: With ongoing development works and infrastructural projects, the demand for mechanical engineers in the construction sector remains high. They are involved in designing and implementing heating and cooling systems, building machinery, and more.
  • Manufacturing Industry: Mechanical engineers play a vital role in the design, operation, and maintenance of machinery in industries such as automotive, aerospace, and others.
  • Automotive Industry: The automobile sector is growing in Nepal, which may require skilled mechanical engineers for the design, testing, and production of automotive parts.
  • Teaching and Academia: There is a constant need for qualified teachers in universities and colleges that offer mechanical engineering courses.
  • Research and Development: Opportunities for research exist in institutions and certain industries. Mechanical engineers can work on innovating new technologies or improving existing ones.
  • Government Services: Mechanical engineers can also work in various government departments and services, such as the Department of Water Resources and Irrigation, the Nepal Electricity Authority, and others.
  • Consultancy Services: Experienced mechanical engineers can work as consultants, providing expert advice to various industries and projects.
  • Entrepreneurship: With the right idea and resources, mechanical engineers can start their own enterprises, like machinery or automotive part production businesses.

The scope of mechanical engineering in Nepal is influenced by several factors, including technological advances, economic conditions, and government policies. 

To make the most of these opportunities, aspiring mechanical engineers should aim to gain a solid foundation in their field, stay updated with the latest trends and technologies, and develop skills like problem-solving, critical thinking, creativity, and teamwork.

Salary of a Mechanical Engineer in Nepal?

Fresher:A recent graduate beginning their job as a mechanical engineer may reasonably anticipate making between NPR 20,000 and 30,000 per month. 

Experienced engineer: However, mechanical engineers with more experience or those in senior positions may make substantially more money, up to or even exceeding NPR 100,000 per month.

It’s vital to keep in mind that these are only estimates and that actual salaries can differ greatly. Earnings can also be influenced by other elements, like further education, talents, and the city or area where you work.

Check job advertisements in Nepal, speak with experts in the area, or use often updated internet compensation databases to find the most precise and up-to-date salary information.


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